Iranian Logos

Sunday


The logo of Ahura Mazdā, (Avestan: “Wise Lord”: ) supreme god in ancient Iranian religion, especially in the religious system of the Iranian prophet Zoroaster (7th century–6th century bc). Ahura Mazdā was worshiped by the Persian king Darius I (reigned 522 bc–486 bc) and his successors as the greatest of all gods and protector of the just king.

The winged symbol is associated with Zoroastrianism known as the Faravahar. The central human figure is generally taken to represent the human soul. One hand points upward, urging believers to always strive for improvement and be mindful of higher powers. The other hand holds a ring, which may represent loyalty and faithfulness. The circle from which the figure emerges can represent the immortality of the soul or the repercussions of human actions, which are brought about by the eternal divine order. The two wings are composed of three main rows of feathers, representing good thoughts, good words and good deeds, which is the basis of Zoroastrian ethics. The tail is likewise comprised of three rows of feathers, and these represent bad thoughts, bad words and bad deeds, above which every Zoroastrian strives to rise. The two streamers represent Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu, the spirits of good and evil. Every person must constantly choose between the two, so the figure is facing one and turning his back to the other.




The Lion and Sun has been the national logo of Iran, which was promulgated as the main emblem of the Iranian flag by Mohammad Shah of Ghajar in 1846.

In the ancient Persia, Mitra was the Sun-God, who is born on the night of Yalda (birth), the longest night of the year which is on the eve of the Winter Solstice at 21st of December. The 21st of June, when the sun arrives at the summer solstice, the first day of Taabestan (summer) starts. Taab in Persian means the shine, radiance and light. Thus, Taabestan means the "domain of light" or "shining dominion". It is at Taabestan that the constellation Leo, appearing but 30° in the lead of the sun, lift Mitra up by his powerful paw to the zenith of glory in the zodiacal arch. The word Zodiac, is derived from Persian Zaadaak, meaning Live-Beings, from the word Zaad, to be born, and suffix of Persian nouns, -aak, denoting adjoining, grouping and so on (khoraak, Pooshaak,) or, as some believe, a diminutive suffix attached to nouns (koodak; pesarak; dokhtarak). It was adopted by Greeks in the form of ζωδιακός (zodiakos), "a circle of animals." Zaadaak was the name given by the Mitraist astronomers to a band of fixed stars about sixteen degrees wide, apparently encircling the earth. The Mitraist distinguished Leo as the 'sole house of the sun,' and taught that the world was created when the sun was in that sign.

Mitraists divided the band of the zaadaak into twelve sections, each being sixteen degrees in width and thirty degrees in length. These divisions were called the Houses of the Zaadaac, they surrounded their caverns of worship by a circle, on which the twelve signs of the zodiac appear. The sun during its annual pilgrimage passed through each of these in turn '






Lion and Sun, Logo, 13th Century




Edward Zahrabian, Iran Air - Homa, 1961








Iranian National TV




Bank of Pasargad




Book Translation and Publication Co. Bongah-e Tajomeh va Nashr-e Ketab









Iranian National Oil Co. 



Amir-e Kabir Publication Co.




Islamic Open University 







Iranian Paperback Editions,
Ketab-e Jibi







 Fatemeh Karkehabadi,Famfam, 1997


Fatemeh Karkehabadi, Farapaiam, Software Engineering Co, 2001






Fatemeh Karkehabadi, Teeno, 2001




Fatemeh Karkehabadi, Afra, 1998




Fatemeh Karkehabadi, Farshad, 2010





Ali Khosravi, Balal Art & Cultural Society







Mehdi Rostami , Pooshesh



Sima Film



Alborz Insurance Co.  Said Asdollah Chehrehpardaz




Majid Abbasi












Tavanmandan, The Well-to-do



Mitra, By Sama Attrian






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